Climate change and innovation
Mitigating and adapting to climate change will
require the development of new and
innovative low carbon emission solutions and
technologies for lighting, vehicles, heating and
cooling systems, office and ICT equipment and
Examples of innovative technologies with reduced energy usage or reduced carbon emissions are listed below:
Light Emitting Diodes (LED's)
LED's are a lighting technology that can reduce energy consumption by 50-90%. They are now commonplace in traffic lighting and there are also potential applications in office, park, carpark and street lighting. The next generation of LED is expected to even further widen the range of applications and providing considerably more light intensity per Watt spend. Future potential (within 2-3 years) regarding energy efficiency and applications is seen in Organic-LED’s (OLED’s).
Electric and hybrid vehicles operate on an electric motor or a combination of an electric motor and conventional combustion engine. These technologies can deliver fuel savings of up to 25% compared to standard vehicles. Several manufacturers are currently developing plug-in hybrids with lithium-ion batteries and stronger electric engines, which can be recharged with electricity from the grid or from “solar filling stations”.
Heating and Cooling
Innovative heating and cooling options include renewable energy systems (RES) such as woodpellets or solar energy. Research and development activities are ongoing especially for RES cooling appliances as the energy consumption used for cooling in certain Southern European regions increases rapidly.